The Lake Michigan Coastal Program (LMCP) provides guidance, technical support, and some financial assistance to municipal, county, and state government agencies that are working within the coastal region of northern Illinois. The mission of the LMCP is to protect and enhance natural, cultural and historical coastal resources, and to foster coordination and partnerships among local, state and federal agencies, and local organizations. Funding and oversight are provided through the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Office for Coastal Management (OCM).
The Illinois Coastal Management Program is a part of the Illinois Department of Natural Resources. The program, created in 2012, focuses on habitats and species, economic development and recreation, and assistance to coastal communities.
The Prairie Research Institute, through joint positions within its surveys and the Illinois Coastal Management Program (CMP), provides staff and technical expertise to support and fulfill the program’s mission. The surveys assist the CMP with specific scientific support for water resource, habitat, economic development, and engagement aspects of priority CMP projects and initiatives.
Staff from the Illinois Sustainable Technology Center (ISTC) lead the Coastal Clean Waters effort to reduce polluted runoff to coastal waters. The program establishes a set of management measures for states to use in controlling runoff from five main sources: agriculture, forestry, urban areas, marinas, and hydromodification (shoreline and stream channel modification). The program also includes management measures for wetlands, riparian, and vegetated treatment systems. Working with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Great Lakes National Program Office, ISTC staff coordinate Illinois’ participation in developing the Lakewide Action and Management Plan, an action plan for restoring and protecting the Lake Michigan ecosystem. ISTC also assists the Illinois International Port District. ISTC is coordinating with the Illinois State Water Survey to help address critical water quality and groundwater questions facing the coastal region.
The Illinois State Water Survey (ISWS) provides technical expertise to the CMP. The coastal area faces unique water quality issues due to urban concentration. The survey is assisting the program in identifying strategies to understand water quality data, information and trends. This will help local watershed planners identify specific strategies to effectively protect, conserve, restore, and improve local waters. The survey also provides support in understanding groundwater contamination concerns, the boundaries from which groundwater influences surface water, and how it affects Lake Michigan levels and flows.
The Illinois State Geological Survey (ISGS) collaborates with and provides technical support to the CMP on a number of ongoing projects. The ISGS Great Lakes Coastal Geology Research Group collects a wide range of high-resolution coastal geological data that support science-based management decisions made by CMP. Data products such as shoreline erosion and habitat vulnerability models will help inform shoreline protection decisions at Illinois Beach State Park. This expansive coastal state park is home to some of the last remaining natural shoreline in Illinois and a number of threatened and endangered plant and animal species as well as rare coastal wetland habitats. In addition to providing insight into the processes behind coastal erosion, ISGS scientists are also providing expertise towards the understanding, and ultimately preservation, of these rare and vulnerable wetland habitats by contributing to carbon budget and hydrologic models at a number of wetland sites at Illinois Beach State Park.
The Illinois Natural History Survey (INHS) is routinely involved in contracted field work that supports ongoing monitoring in the Waukegan Harbor area of concern (AOC). The AOC was designated due to extensive polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) contamination that damaged aquatic and terrestrial habitats and species. The PCBs have been removed from the harbor and surrounding areas but many adverse effects persist throughout the food chain today. CMP is the lead agency in the ongoing monitoring of this legacy contamination and works closely with INHS scientists to collect and interpret environmental field data. INHS, CMP, Illinois Environmental Protection Agency (IEPA), and other organizations then work together to make management decisions about the future of the Waukegan Harbor AOC.
Visit the Illinois Coastal Management Program website for full details.